Working Principle Of Laser Engraving Machine

Working Principle Of Laser Engraving Machine

The Atomstack laser engraving machine realizes the processing of the required graphics and patterns through the high energy concentration and directional action of the laser beam. It has the advantages of high precision, strong reliability, fast response, etc., and is widely used in handicrafts, molds, electronic equipment manufacturing, advertising decoration and other fields. So, what is the specific working principle of the laser engraving machine? This article will explain it to you one by one.

Overview Of Laser Engraving Machine

Atomstack S30 Pro laser engraver is a kind of engraving equipment that performs non-contact processing with laser beam as the medium. It achieves the processing of the required graphics and patterns through the high energy concentration and orientation of the laser beam, and has the advantages of high processing precision, fast response speed, and strong reliability. Whether it is in industrial manufacturing or fine arts, it has a wide range of applications.

Composition Structure Of Laser Engraving Machine

Laser engraving machine is mainly composed of four parts: laser generator, laser lens, motion control system and processing platform.

1. Laser generator

The laser generator is the core part of the laser engraving machine. It is composed of laser tube, laser source, cooling system, power supply and so on. The laser generator is a device that converts electrical energy into light energy. The quality of the laser beam it generates is good and stable, which directly affects the processing effect of the Atomstack S20 Pro laser engraver.

2. Laser lens

The laser lens is an important part that focuses the laser beam and irradiates it to the surface of the workpiece. It is mainly composed of focusing mirror, polarizing mirror, reflecting mirror and so on. The focusing mirror can adjust the laser beam to the desired shape and size of the spot, while the polarizer and reflector can reflect and refract the direction and angle of the beam.

3. Motion control system

The motion control system is mainly composed of motion control card, stepping motor, guide rail and so on. It cooperates with the processing program to control the movement trajectory of the laser engraving machine. As an important control part of the laser engraving machine, the motion control system plays a key role in the machine's running speed and motion accuracy.

4. Processing platform

The processing platform is the basis for engraving. During processing, the material is placed on the processing platform and adjusted as required. The design and structure of the processing platform will affect the processing specifications and processing accuracy of the workpiece.

Working principle of laser engraving machine

The working principle of the Laserpecker 2 laser engraver is based on the properties of the laser beam and its interaction with the material. We can simply divide it into the following aspects:

1. Emission of light beams

When the laser generator is activated, the laser beam passes through a light valve. While passing through the light valve, the laser beam continuously hits discrete points, thereby obtaining the desired optical path and beam shape.

2. Focusing of the beam

After the laser beam comes out of the light valve, the light passes through a series of lenses through a combination of focusing lens and reflector to adjust the laser to the best state. At the same time, the focusing lens focuses the laser beam, making it a high energy concentration and directional beam.

3. Reflection of the beam

When the beam is focused, it will be reflected by the mirror, so that the beam can be adjusted to the desired direction and angle.

4. Processing of the beam

After the beam is focused, it carries a very high energy density, that is, a powerful beam that can destroy the molecular structure of a substance. Under the action of the beam, the surface of the material will be melted, vaporized or burned instantaneously, resulting in processing forms such as grooves or holes of different shapes and sizes.

5. Motion Control

LaserPecker 3 laser engraving machine controls the movement of its working platform through the motion control system, so that it can carve the desired shape and pattern. Generally speaking, the faster the workpiece moves, the higher the processing efficiency, but it should be noted that the processing accuracy will also be affected.

To sum up, the working principle of the laser engraving machine is very complicated, and it needs the precise cooperation of multiple components to complete. The design and manufacture of each part, from laser generator, laser lens, motion control system to processing platform, etc., need to strictly follow certain norms and standards in order to ensure the efficiency and stability of laser engraver work.

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